Did you know that about 1 in 3 adults in developed countries have high blood pressure? Blood pressure is simply the pressure exerted by your blood when pushing against the walls of your arteries. If you have high blood pressure or hypertension, this pressure is higher than it should be.
What is High Blood Pressure or Hypertension?
It is a common medical condition. High blood pressure or hypertension occurs when the force with which the blood pushes against the walls of the arteries is very high. There are two important aspects for blood pressure: systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Your blood pressure is higher when your heart beats. This is your systolic pressure. The pressure in the arteries as your heart relaxes between beats is your diastolic pressure. Readings of systolic and diastolic pressure are the two numbers that tell you when you go to any professional health to control your blood pressure.
Your blood pressure may vary during the day, depending on your activities. While a brief increase in blood pressure is normal, continuous high blood pressure may mean that you need medical attention.
High Blood Pressure in Children:
Normal blood pressure values vary with age. And as babies grow, their systolic pressure increases from approximately 70-90 to reach adult values when they become teenagers. Doctors define high blood pressure in children as a value higher than the blood pressure of 95% of children of the same age, sex and height. And it is usual for doctors to check blood pressure values in the course of routine checkups starting at the age of 3 years. Be sure not to miss doctor’s appointments, especially if your child has a family history of high blood pressure or is overweight.
Causes of High Blood Pressure:
Although we still don’t know exactly why most cases of high blood pressure develop, some factors such as being overweight, drinking too much salt or alcohol, not being physically active, taking birth control pills and medical conditions such as kidney disease, diabetes or gout can increase the risk of suffering from this condition. Like pregnancy and family history of high blood pressure. Women are as likely to develop this condition during their lifetime as men, but it affects more men than women under 45. This balance changes as you get older and more women than men are affected after age 65. There is no cure for blood pressure. And it is a dangerous condition that can lead to serious diseases such as heart failure, heart attack, peripheral arterial disease, and stroke and kidney failure. But don’t be discouraged! There is much you can do to control high blood pressure. The first step, of course, is to find out if you have high blood pressure so you can take proactive measures to control it before it causes complications. Read on to find out if there are any warning signs that can alert you to this condition?
Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Pressure:
The delicate thing about high blood pressure is that it usually has no symptoms. That is why he is known as “silent killer.” The only way to determine if you have high blood pressure is by a blood pressure test. This is a simple and painless test that can be done in a medical center or pharmacy. In fact, your blood pressure can also be controlled at home. It is recommended that you have your blood pressure checked at least once a year.
“It is commonly believed that certain symptoms such as redness, eye spots and dizziness are symptoms of high blood pressure in both men and women”.
But if high blood pressure doesn’t usually cause symptoms, are they just myths? Well, the thing is that, although high blood pressure may not be causing these symptoms, it could be indirectly related to them. This is what could be happening:
When the blood vessels in your face dilate, you tend to experience facial redness. High blood pressure does not cause facial redness, but factors such as exposure to hot water or heat, emotional stress, exercise and alcohol can temporarily increase blood pressure, and do cause facial redness. Therefore, when these factors are at play, you may experience high blood pressure and facial redness at the same time.
High blood pressure does not cause dizziness. However, loss of balance and dizziness can be a common symptom of stroke. And high blood pressure is an important risk factor for this condition.
Spots on his Eyes:
High blood pressure does not cause blood spots in the eyes, but it has been found to be more common in people with this condition.
Signs of Severe High Blood Pressure:
If your blood pressure is 180/110 mm Hg or higher, it is considered a medical emergency. In this case you could experience several symptoms such as:
Your vision may become blurred and you may not be able to see details clearly.
Changes in Mental State:
You may experience effects such as confusion, anxiety, restlessness, fatigue and drowsiness. You may also find it harder to concentrate and feel less alert.
Pain or a feeling of pressure in the chest is a red flag.
A nosebleed can also be indicative of severe high blood pressure.
You may experience an intense and throbbing headache.
Your legs, arms, face or other parts may begin to feel numb.
Most adults usually produce at least 500 ml (a little more than 2 cups) of urine in 24 hours. You may find that your urine output decreases considerably.
Nausea or vomiting can also be symptoms of extremely high blood pressure.
A seizure can manifest itself in many ways including uncontrollable tremor, brief fainting, staring, and loss of bladder control, drooling, eye movements and unusual behavior such as scratching clothes.
Short of Breath:
You may have trouble breathing or feel that you are not getting enough air.
You may experience a loss of strength in your legs, arms, face or other parts.
Keep in mind that many organs, including your brain, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and heart, can be damaged by an extreme increase in blood pressure. If treated immediately, it is possible to control a severe increase in blood pressure before it causes permanent damage. Seek emergency medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms or if you feel your blood pressure is dangerously high.
High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy:
It is estimated that problems due to high blood pressure occur in 6 to 8% of pregnancies. Your doctor will monitor your blood pressure during prenatal check-ups to make sure everything is under control. In some cases, women may develop a condition known as preeclampsia or pregnancy-induced hypertension that is characterized by increased blood pressure. This condition usually develops after the 20th week of pregnancy and, initially, you may not experience any symptoms, although your doctor may determine that you have it by examining high blood pressure and protein in your urine. As preeclampsia progresses, it can cause several symptoms.
Symptoms and Signs of Hypertension Induced By Pregnancy or Preeclampsia:
- Fluid retention: Preeclampsia can lead to fluid retention, which manifests as a sudden swelling in the ankles, feet, hands and face.
- Headaches: You may experience severe headaches.
- Vision problems: You may have problems such as seeing flashing lights or blurred vision.
- Pain: You may experience pain in the upper abdomen just below the ribs.
- Vomiting: Vomiting can also be a symptom of this condition.
If preeclampsia is not treated, it can increase the risk of blood clotting problems, seizures and stroke. It can also cause fluid in the lungs and damage the kidney or liver. In addition, it increases changes or premature or natural birth.
Symptoms of Complications Due to High Blood Pressure:
Since high blood pressure usually causes no symptoms, you may not realize you have it if you do not have the test. We keep repeating this because it is estimated that 1 in 5 people with high blood pressure do not know they have this condition. Over time, high blood pressure can damage your body and cause various complications. Below are some common symptoms of complications caused by high blood pressure that you should consider?
Chronic Kidney Disease:
It is a condition in which the blood vessels of the kidneys narrow. It can even lead to kidney failure.
Symptoms to consider: In the early stages, you may experience loss of appetite, fatigue, headaches, nausea, weight loss and dry or itchy skin. As the condition worsens, you can expect symptoms such as unusually light or dark skin, drowsiness or concentration problems, muscle spasms and cramps, blood in the stool, swelling or numbness in the feet and hands, bad breath, lack of breath, excessive thirst, bone pain, vomiting, etc.
Hypertension can lead to blood vessels in the eyes rupture or bleed.
Symptoms to consider: You will experience changes in your vision or even blindness.
When a part of the heart does not receive oxygen because the blood flow that carries oxygen to the heart is blocked, you have a heart attack.
Symptoms to consider: You may experience symptoms such as discomfort or chest pain, as well as difficulty breathing. You may also feel discomfort or pain in your back, shoulders, jaw, neck, upper stomach, or in one arm or both arms.
A condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body.
Symptoms to consider: You may experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, shortness of breath, fatigue and swelling of the feet, ankles, legs, veins in the neck and abdomen.
Peripheral Arterial Disease:
A condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries of the legs and affects blood flow.
Symptoms to consider: Common symptoms include heaviness, numbness, cramps and pain in the feet, legs and buttocks after climbing stairs or walking.
A condition in which blood flow and oxygen supply to a part of the brain is blocked.
Symptoms to consider: You may have symptoms such as dizziness, sudden weakness and difficulty speaking, seeing or understanding speech. You may also experience numbness or paralysis of the legs, arms or face.
An aneurysm is an unusual lump that develops in the wall of an artery and can grow for years without causing any symptoms.
Symptoms to consider: Signs of an aneurysm may vary depending on its location. For example, one located near the surface of your body can lead to a throbbing lump and you may experience swelling and pain. When in the brain, it can cause dizziness, headaches or double vision; in the abdomen, it can cause pain and a throbbing sensation in the abdominal area.
Dementia is a condition in which you experience a decline in the functioning of the brain. According to research, high blood pressure can, over time, lead to changes in the way your brain works and increase the risk of dementia.
Symptoms to consider: You may experience problems with memory, judgment, language and mental agility. You may also discover that you have become apathetic or that your thinking has slowed down. You may also have trouble socializing or controlling your emotions.