The throat mucus! He is one of those silent workers in your body that you don’t even notice until you feel sick and miserable and start coughing. It is produced by the cells of the upper respiratory tract and lungs and is composed of proteins, water and salt. Did you know that it plays a critical role? The mucus forms a protective layer that prevents the nose and airways from drying out and traps dirt and germs to prevent them from entering more inside your body. Mucosal antibodies also kill germs and protect you from infection. Normally, microscopic capillary structures (called cilia) move the mucus toward the back of the throat and then swallowed. But if your respiratory system produces excess mucus (also known as phlegm) it may drip down your throat, giving you a hoarse voice, sore throat or cough And thick, sticky mucus is not only irritating to the throat, it can also be difficult to remove. So let’s take a look at the causes of phlegm and how to eliminate it.
What Causes Mucus?
Allergies or viral diseases such as the common cold can cause excess mucus, as well as an infection in the upper respiratory tract or lungs, for example, a condition such as tuberculosis, pneumonia or bronchitis. It can also be an indication of chronic lung disease (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) or asthma. And if you smoke, phlegm may indicate lung damage caused by this.
How to Get Rid of Mucus in the Throat?
The doctor may prescribe medications to control the underlying cause of excess phlegm: antihistamines (for allergies), antibiotics (for bacterial infections) or steroids (for asthma) can help. Cough inhibitors and decongestants may also be useful. There are also some things you can do at home that can help you:
1. Drink Water:
Make sure you drink lots of fluids. Liquids can lighten the mucosa, facilitating expectoration.
2. Gargle with Salt Water:
A teaspoon of salt dissolved in half a glass of warm water makes a great tonic to gargle. Gargling with this helps eliminate mucus and also relieves a sore throat.
3. Try the Chicken Soup:
It is one of the favorite remedies of yesteryear, a hot bowl of chicken soup when you are having an unpleasant cold. How does this work?
“It turns out that the amino acid cysteine found in chicken meat can help lighten mucus”.
Therefore, stick to the proven chicken soup to get rid of phlegm.
4. Steam Inhalation:
Boil the water in a pot with a wide brim. Once the water stops bubbling, inhale the steam. You should cover the head and pot with a towel, as this will prevent steam from escaping. Five to ten minutes of steam can help loosen and eliminate mucus.
5. Use Eucalyptus:
The eucalyptus is commonly used to treat respiratory problems and eucalyptus oil can loosen phlegm. Gargle with fresh eucalyptus leaves to soothe your throat. Adding a few drops of the essential oil to a steam inhalation can increase its potency and quickly eliminate congestion as well. But keep in mind that this remedy is not recommended for children or pregnant or breastfeeding women.
6. Try Peppermint:
The menthol in peppermint peppermint can loosen phlegm and lighten mucus. A tea made from mint leaves should help eliminate congestion. A few drops of peppermint oil added to a steam inhalation can also help eliminate phlegm. But keep in mind that this remedy is not recommended for children since inhaling menthol can be harmful to them.
7. Try Thyme Tea:
The thyme helps remove mucus, has antiseptic properties and can even increase your immunity. So the next time your throat is irritated by mucus, try some thyme tea to soothe it. You can also gargle with a decoction of thyme that is prepared by boiling this herb in water for ten to twenty minutes.
8. Try Lemon and Honey:
Lemon and honey have traditionally been used for a long time for coughs and colds. Honey has antibacterial properties and is believed to relieve the throat, while lemon is rich in vitamin C that stimulates the immune system and is a powerful antioxidant. Lemons also have antibacterial and antiviral properties. Add about three tablespoons of lemon juice and some honey to a cup of warm water. One study found that this remedy significantly reduced the severity and frequency of cough in children.
9. Drink Aniseed Tea:
It is known that anise breaks the mucus and relieves congestion. Crush a couple of teaspoons of anise and let it boil in boiling water for ten to fifteen minutes. Strive and drink until the mucus is removed! Check with your doctor if you have a cough that causes severe pain, shortness of breath or lasts four weeks or more. You should also receive medical attention if you are coughing up blood.
What Precautions Can You Take?
- Avoid germs and allergens. Remember to wash your hands frequently if you are near someone who is struggling with an unpleasant cold, especially before handling food or touching your mouth or nose. In addition, the best way to prevent an allergic reaction is to stay away from the substances to which you are sensitive.
- A healthy and balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables can really help your immune system stay strong and healthy. This will help fight germs before they make you sick and give you a stuffy nose or a scratch in your throat.
- Making sure that you do the right exercise and get enough sleep can work wonders for your immune system too.
- Try natural remedies suchas tulsi, yogurt and garlic that can strengthen your immunity. Tulsi leaves have traditionally been consumed on an empty stomach to improve immunity in some parts of Asia and scientific research also indicates that tulsi can activate your immune system. Meanwhile, yogurt contains beneficial bacteria that can reduce the severity of respiratory tract infections symptoms and shorten their duration. And studies have found that garlic can have a protective effect against the common cold, as well as help you recover faster if you get sick.