While genital herpes is treatable, it has a number of complications that can be detrimental to the patient’s general health, and if the patient is pregnant, it can also be dangerous for the fetus. In this article we will see some of these complications to try to prevent them through proper care and treatment that we will see at the end.
Contagion of Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
One of the main complications of herpes is that it can increase the risk of contracting other sexually transmitted diseases, including the AIDS virus. The risk of transmitting these diseases to others also increases for patients with herpes.
According to a recent study, the immune system cells most commonly infected with HIV are present in greater numbers at the site of a herpes infection, even long after the infection sores have healed. Suppressive treatments, such as acylovir, do not reduce the concentration of highly susceptible cells near the site of infection. Because of this, people with herpes should be aware of their increased risk of contracting HIV and take the necessary preventive measures to avoid contracting the disease.
Risks of Herpes in Pregnancy:
Herpes represents a significant risk for unborn and newborn babies. Herpes can increase the chances of miscarriage of a pregnant mother or the risk that the child will be born with birth defects, such as abnormalities of the eyes, brain and spinal cord. The probability of a mother transmitting herpes to her unborn child is relatively low, approximately 1 to 2 percent.
“The risk of complications is greater and is higher among women who are experiencing their first outbreak of herpes at the time of delivery”.
Mothers who have herpes for a longer time transmit antibodies to their children in the womb, which helps prevent the child from becoming infected with herpes. Antiviral medications can help mothers with new cases prevent infection of their children. Pregnant women who have herpes or think they may have herpes should check closely with their health care provider to avoid infecting their children before birth. Infected male partners of pregnant women should take extra precautions to avoid infecting their partners.
In some cases, herpes can cause the spinal cord to swell, which increases the risk of the patient getting meningitis or encephalitis. Herpes encephalitis is extremely rare, but it can be fatal. Herpes meningitis is usually not serious, but has a higher risk of recurrence.
In addition, herpes can cause urinary retention in some patients. Urinary retention is basically the inability to urinate. Typical cases of urinary retention consist of a weak urinary flow with intermittent flow. People with urinary retention often also have to strain to urinate and often they are left feeling incomplete urination even after they can urinate. As the bladder remains full due to urinary retention, other problems such as incontinence and nocturia may arise.
Proctitis is a complication of herpes that occurs in men, especially in men who have sex with men. Proctitis is an inflammation of the rectum. The symptoms of this medical condition are frequent anal bleeding, the sensation of having to constantly defecate, diarrhea and painful bowel movements. Proctitis can cause complications such as anemia, ulcers and fistulas. Treatments for herpes and responsible sexual behavior can reduce the chances of infected people developing herpes or transmitting it to other people. Due to the complications associated with herpes and the incurability of this disease, you should take steps to avoid getting the virus or, if infected, spread it to other people.
Precautions to Prevent the Spread of Herpes Include:
- use condoms
- avoid promiscuous or anonymous sex
- use suppression therapy if infected with herpes
- And be honest with your sexual partners regarding herpes if you are infected.
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease that affects more than 45 million or one in five American teenagers and adults. The disease is caused by the HSV-1 or HSV-2 virus. Herpes causes pain and itching in the genital area and its most visible symptom is the sores that appear around the genital area and / or the rectum of the patient. These sores may be severe in the initial outbreak of herpes, but in general they are less severe in subsequent outbreaks. Patients who have contracted herpes on average have about four to five outbreaks of ulcers per year. Herpes is currently incurable, but it is a highly treatable treatment. Disease. Most treatments involve the use of antibiotics that shorten the duration of outbreaks and mitigate their severity. Daily suppression therapy is also often used to prevent the transmission of the disease to sexual partners. The use of daily suppression therapy has become more common in the United States, Spain and Latin America, and can be attributed in part to the decline in herpes rates in the population.