What is rosehip? They are the accessory, or fake fruit, of a rose plant and guess what: They are edible! And in reality they are more than something that can be eaten – they are something that can provide a great boost of valuable nutrients. The reason why you often see vitamin C with rosehip supplements is due to the fact that rosehip is naturally very high in vitamin C while also providing many other beneficial active compounds of the plant such as phenols, flavonoids, ellagic acid and lycopene, along with other key nutrients such as vitamin E and even fatty acids. Rosehip has been traditionally used as a medicinal compound for the treatment of a wide variety of diseases. So how can they improve your health? For starters, research is pointing towards the ability of rosehip to provide anti-inflammatory benefits, which are particularly useful when it comes to relieving arthritis. And this is just one of the many health benefits you will learn more from if you keep reading!
Origin of the Rosehip:
Roses are mainly native to the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. Rosehip roses, also called rose bushes, are an edible part of a rose bush. They vary in size, shape and color, but are often a bright orange or red hue. Where are the rose hips? They are in the same place where the flowers are found and appear when the flower dies, but not all rose plants produce rose hips and not all flowers become the fruit either. When they appear, they look a bit like a spherical berry with a few extra tufts of feathers coming out of the bottom. What kind of roses have rosehip? Many species of roses produce edible rose hips, but rough roses (Rosa rugosa) are especially known for their rose hips.
Are All Rose Hips Edible? Both Rosehip and Rose Petals are Edible.
Are there any poisonous rose hips? It is known that some species of the Rosaceae family contain cyanogenic glycosides, which have the ability to produce highly toxic hydrogen cyanide when degraded by plant enzymes. (4) So rosehip seeds may contain a cyanide precursor, but as with other fruits, you can easily remove the seeds. Before alarming, apple seeds, along with apricot, peach and cherry seeds, are also known to contain cyanide. All these fruits belong to the rose family. Now, if you accidentally swallow a few seeds, it is not lethal, but these seeds are not something you want to consume in large quantities.
Nutritional Facts of Rosehip:
An ounce of rosehip contains about:
- 45 calories
- 1 gram of protein
- 7 grams of carbohydrates
- 7 grams of fiber
- 1 gram of sugar
- 0 grams of fat
- 119 milligrams of vitamin C (199 percent DV)
- 1217 international units of vitamin A (24 percent DV)
- 3 milligrams of manganese (14 percent DV)
- 3 micrograms of vitamin K (9 percent DV)
- 6 milligrams of vitamin E (8 percent DV)
- 3 milligrams of calcium (5 percent DV)
- 3 milligrams of magnesium (5 percent DV)
- 120 milligrams of potassium (3 percent DV)
5 Health Benefits of Rosehip:
Scientific research shows that there are many impressive benefits of rosehip including:
1. Immune Booster:
- The vitamin C content in rosehip is very impressive, so it is a great choice if you want to boost your immune system.
- I always increase my vitamin C intake when I feel exhausted, especially during the cold and flu season.
- As a 2014 scientific review points out, vitamin C – also known as ascorbic acid – is essential to stimulate the immune system by increasing the body’s strength and protection and is important in all stressful conditions that are linked to inflammatory processes and involve immunity.
2. Obesity Reducer:
- Can rosehip help to treat obesity naturally? According to some research, maybe! A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial published in 2015 examined the effects of rosehip supplementation on subjects for 12 weeks.
- During this time, pre-obese subjects were assigned to two randomized groups and received a placebo tablet or 100 milligrams of rosehip extract once a day with zero dietary interventions.
- The researchers found that daily consumption of rosehip extract significantly reduced all of the following in pre-obese subjects: total abdominal fat area; abdominal visceral fat area; body weight; and body mass index.
- These decreases were also substantially greater compared to the placebo group.
3. Help in the Treatment for Arthritis:
- Rosa canina Rosehip (also known as dog rose) has been shown to relieve the symptoms of arthritis when taken daily.
- Rosehip has been shown to block the activation of proteins in cartilage cells that can lead to unhealthy degradation of joint tissue.
- This herbal remedy has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory and immuno suppressive effects by decreasing chemotaxis, which is the transport of immune cells to tissues.
- There have been numerous studies over the years that reveal the possibility that rosehip can help people suffering from arthritis.
- A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial published in the Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology observed the effects of rosehip in 94 patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis. Half of the patients were given five grams of an herbal remedy made from a subspecies of rosehip (Rosa canina) daily for three months and the other half were given a similar amount of placebo. After three weeks, the rose hip group experienced a “significant reduction” of pain compared to the placebo group.
- Other studies have also shown similar results of reducing arthritis symptoms including less pain and stiffness with rosehip supplementation.
- A randomized, double-blind clinical study published in 2015 in the journal Clinical Interventions in Aging compared the ability of rosehip powder versus astaxanthin to improve the signs of aging, including wrinkles.
- Rosehip powder contained seeds and husks of rosehip fruit from the rose canine plant. The subjects were between 35 and 65 years old and had wrinkles on their faces. For eight weeks, half of the subjects consumed standardized rosehip product while the other half took astaxanthin.
- What did you find? Subjects in both rosehip and astaxanthin supplementation groups had positive self-assessments of the change. The rosehip group showed statistically significant improvements in crow’s feet wrinkles, skin moisture and elasticity (with similar results in the astaxanthin group).
5. Fight Cancer:
- Could rosehip be another natural way to fight some types of cancer? It seems possible, according to some research to date. A type of breast cancer known as triple negative prevalent among young women, as well as among African-American or Hispanic women, is a very aggressive form of cancer that does not respond to most of the available treatments.
- During an in vitro study (laboratory study) published in 2015 in the journal Cancer Research, scientists treated tissue cultures of triple negative African American breast cancer cell lines (HCC70, HCC1806) and luminal (HCC1500) with various extract concentrations Rosehip.
- The results were very positive: “Each of the breast cancer cell lines were treated with rosehip extracts (1mg / mL at 25ng / mL) demonstrated a significant decrease in cell proliferation.”
- Pre-treatment of cancer cell lines with rosehip extract also selectively reduced MAPK and AKT, two enzymes known to promote cell growth in triple negative breast cancer.
History and Interesting Facts:
The rosehip is the fruit of a rose plant and appears after the flower dies. For hundreds of years, they were a key element of the diet of the natives of North America, where the roses were in the wild. When citrus imports were limited during World War II, rosehip became very popular in Britain. During this time in history, volunteers collected rose hips for hours to create rosehip syrup for the Ministry of Health.
“This syrup would be distributed to citizens for health reasons and children would be the first on the priority list”.
In addition to syrup, they are also used in jams, jellies, herbal teas, soups, drinks such as wine, cakes and bread.
How to Use the Rosehip?
- A standard dose of rosehip is five to 10 grams per day divided into two doses. It is better to take it with meals. Doses of up to 40 grams have been studied. Intestinal discomfort is the most common side effect of high doses.
- There is also a powdered version, which is a popular form of the rosehip supplement. What is rosehip powder? They are simply dried and crushed rose hips. Research has shown that lyophilization and drying seem to preserve the antioxidant activity of rosehip at a high level. There are also rosehip capsules or tablets or vitamin C supplements that include rosehip.
- There is also rosehip tea, which can be made from fresh or dried rosehip, which is a great easy way to give rosehip a try.
- Wondering how to harvest rosehip and how to eat it? They must be collected once they acquire a vibrant orange or red color. Most experts agree that it is better to pick them up after the occurrence of the first autumn frost because this tends to increase the sweetness of the fruit.
- For use in rosehip recipes, the hips are typically cut in half with a sharp knife, hairs and seeds are removed, and then washed in cold water.
- For topical use, there is also rosehip seed oil and there are many impressive benefits of rosehip oil.
Possible Side Effects and Interactions:
- Side effects of rosehip may include nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, heartburn, headache, fatigue and sleep problems. When taken in appropriate doses orally, rosehip typically has no unwanted side effects.
- If you are being treated for any medical condition or are taking medication, definitely talk to your doctor before taking rose hips.
- Generally, rosehip is not recommended for the following people: pregnant and breastfeeding women; diabetics; anyone with a hemorrhagic condition or sickle cell disease; iron-related disorders such as hemochromatosis, thalassemia or anemia; and anyone who has a tendency to experience kidney stones.
- If you have a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD deficiency), due to its high vitamin C content, large doses of rosehip may increase the risk of complications. In addition, people who have experienced a heart attack, stroke or blood clots in the past may increase their risk of blood clots if they take rose hips. This is because the hips contain rugosine E, which is believed to cause blood clots.
- Possible “minor” interactions with rose hips include aspirin, choline, magnesium trisalicylate and salsalate. “Moderate” interactions may include anticoagulants such as warfarin, aluminum (found in most antacids), lithium, fluphenazine and estrogens.
Key Points of the Rosehip:
- A rosehip is the edible fruit of a rose plant and appears in rose plants after flowering of flowers.
- They are impressively rich in important nutrients such as vitamin C, beta carotene, manganese, vitamin K and vitamin E.
- They are also rich in beneficial phytochemicals such as flavonoids and phenols.
- Rose hips are best collected after the first frost of autumn and can be used to make tea and other rosehip recipes.
Recall that the 5 Possible Benefits of Rosehip are:
Stimulate the immune system
- Reduction of body fat and body weight in pre-obese people
- Improve arthritis symptoms
- Decreasing signs of aging like crow’s feet
- Possibly acting as a natural substance against cancer, particularly in triple negative breast cancer.