The Mucuna Pruriens, known as velvet bean, is a plant in the legume family. The original habitat of the Mucuna Pruriens extends throughout the tropics on all continents, starting with Africa, the Caribbean islands, northern Australia, India, Southeast Asia (including Indonesia) and the Pacific islands. The Mucuna Pruriens is a seasonal legume that grows to spread. This plant can be used for human, animal feed (fodder and seeds) and for environmental services. Young leaves, pods and seeds can give some benefits, especially for the food ingredient such as Tempe that originally comes from Indonesia and is made by fermenting boiled seed pasta.
Nutritional Chart of the Mucuna Pruriens:
The nutrients contained in the Mucuna pruriens are:
- Energy 32 Kcal
- 24 g protein
- 3 g fat
- Carbohydrates 55 g
- Calcium 130 mg
- Phosphorus 200 mg
- Zinc 2 mg
- Vitamin A 70 IU
- Vitamin B1 0.3 g
- Vitamin C 0 mg
20 Health Benefits of Mucuna Pruriens:
Of the above nutrients, here are the health benefits of mucuna pruriens:
1. Helps Reduce the Absorption of Excessive Cholesterol:
According to various scientific studies, the results show that mucuna pruriens has saponin content. This saponin serves to reduce cholesterol levels in the body. This content binds to bile acids and causes bound cholesterol. So, this plant is often called an anti-cholesterol plant.
2. It Works as an Antioxidant Body:
Too much oxidation with the skin can cause free radicals. Therefore, it is necessary to get as many antioxidants as possible that are useful to prevent the appearance of free radicals. Mucuna pruriens is also one of the plants that contain flavonoids that produce antioxidants or as antioxidants.
3. Prevents Skin Aging:
The content of flavonoids in Mucuna Pruriens is also useful to prevent premature aging. Self-aging can occur because the skin is often exposed to air pollution and direct sunlight. Flavonoid will lift dull skin and regenerate dead skin from these problems. In addition, flavonoid also protects and maintains the health of the skin.
4. Avoid Allergies:
According to the study, after consuming or using Mucuna Pruriens, the body will respond to things that can cause the allergy to be rejected. So that the body feels comfortable with the disturbance that surrounds it. The smell and taste of this plant are also not too strong that they can often cause allergies.
5. It Serves as a Treatment Against Diarrhea:
Eating foods and drinks that contain flavonoids such as mucuna pruriens is also beneficial for the digestive system.
“The benefit is to prevent the body from lacking fluids that can cause diarrhea”.
This disease is often infected, especially in children.
6. Increased Libido (Aphrodisiac):
Within mucuna pruriens, there is a substance called levodopa and it gives some good effects as an aphrodisiac. It can increase libido, which can be interpreted as an increase in a person’s sexual desire. This can happen to both men and women. According to some studies, especially in Brazil, people use the leaves of this plant to increase male sexual desire and show some great results.
7. Protein Producer and Energy Source:
The mucuna pruriens that we already know from above can be used as one of Tempe’s raw materials. It is also beneficial as a source of protein substitutes apart from more expensive meats and contains other substances. Mucuna pruriens serves as an essential nutrient in the body. This plant contains epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine that give some effects that can increase energy and focus. It is the same result as a dose of caffeine. Therefore, consuming it will increase the body’s energy in the activity. In addition, the body will feel full for a long time and will make the body feel more energetic.
8. Heal Minor Wounds:
The stem sap of the mucuna pruriens plant is beneficial for treating minor external ulcers. It is because the content in the stem can heal these minor wounds, such as torn, stabbed, cut, scratched or slightly burned wounds.
9. Relieves Parkinson’s Disease:
Parkinson’s disease is a gradual degeneration of nerve cells in the center of the brain that regulates body movement. It is often characterized by tremors. Parkinson’s itself can also lead to other serious illnesses, especially psychiatric problems. L-dopa contained in the seed of mucuna pruriens is a precursor of dopamine and improves the level of dopamine in the brain. However, L-dopa is not the only substance responsible for the use in the prevention of Parkinson’s disease. In addition, there are other substances in the seeds that can act as neuroprotectors and reduce the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
10. Help Reduce Stress:
Feelings of stress can be fatal to the body. This is because if a person is depressed, he will tend to perform actions that are beyond his mind’s control. In addition, it can affect others because that person will try to blame others, get angry easily, and most dangerously, that person can also hurt others to get rid of stress. Fortunately, the consumption of mucuna pruriens can refresh the mind to be calmer due to the smell and fragrant taste.
11. Reduce Blood Sugar Levels:
The mucuna pruriens contains proteins and some vitamins that are useful in the fight against hypertension. The study was conducted in mice and concluded that blood sugar levels were reduced by 21.89% in four weeks. The result of this can also be used by the human being. We already know that proteins can maintain blood sugar levels and that vitamins contain antioxidants and pure sugar that do not increase blood sugar levels.
12. Increases the Immune System:
Within the mucuna pruriens, there are phosphorus and calcium substances that increase resistance and white blood cells. According to a study conducted in 2008 by the Technical University of Lisbon of Portugal, the lack of these two substances can weaken the immune system. According to research conducted in 1996 at the University of Arkansas, phosphorus deficiency is often associated with vitamin D and calcium deficiency. These nutritional deficiencies can enhance the autoimmune disorder.
13. Contributes to Maintain the Nervous System:
The content of vitamin B1, phosphorus and iron in the mucuna pruriens is very important to keep the nervous system functioning properly. Phosphorus is one of the important minerals in the body. Phosphorus directly maintains normal neural activity. While iron plays a role in the regulation of red blood cells, it remains awake, so the nerve can work optimally.
14. You can Substitute Viagra for the Reproductive System:
Popular research states that couples who have a healthy and active sex life are relatively happier and even live longer. But this can be problematic if the man has erectile dysfunction. Viagra is the most popular pill to increase sexual desire / libido in men and also helps erectile dysfunction. People of all ages use these blue pills that have a negative effect on health. Therefore, the consumption of mucuna pruriens becomes a more natural substitute for viagra. In addition, it is good for normal fertility, healthy sperm and ovules, proper functioning of the reproductive organs and appropriate genital secretions.
More Uses of Mucuna Pruriens
Here are more health benefits of Mucuna Pruriens.
15. Good for diet and losing weight
16. Protect the heart
17. Circulate blood flow
18. Fight against cancer
19. Good for pregnant women
20. Make the digestion system run smoothly
Side Effects of Mucuna Pruriens:
It Contains Hydrocyanic Acid:
Mucuna pruriens contains cyanide acid poison (HCN), especially in seeds. This is what causes the interest in consuming this plant to be reduced. One way to eliminate it is by soaking the beans in the water for 1 day, with every 6 hours to replace the water. This experiment has been done many times and the result is very good but it is too complicated for people who always want an instant path.
It Can Cause Vomiting, Headaches and Lack of Sleep:
We should not consume too much mucuna pruriens because it can cause some problems such as vomiting, headaches and insomnia. According to the research, the correct dose to consume mucuna pruriens is not more than 500 mg per day. These are all the health benefits of mucuna pruriens. However, there are some side effects if we eat or use too much. Stay healthy and good luck.